Since private adoptions typically have a higher likelihood of placing infants with adoptive families, our research into the costs of adopting a baby covers the two main types of private adoptions.
With an agency adoption, the adoption agency completes the entire adoption process from beginning to end. They help the family find the best adoption opportunity with a pregnant mother through advertising and networking. Most often, agency adoption costs are higher due to the amount of support provided by the adoption agency assisting the family from start to finish.
Through independent adoptions, the adoptive family finds a pregnant mother on their own and uses the services of an adoption agency and/or a licensed adoption attorney to legally complete the adoption.
According to a survey conducted by Adoptive Families Magazine, the average total cost of adoption when using an adoption agency is $39,966; whereas for an independent adoption the cost is $34,093. However, note that the legal fees for which families are responsible is higher through an independent adoption: $12,693 on average, compared to typical agency-adoption legal fees of $4,141.